Vegetable garden requires constant care. By regularly checking vegetable beds, watering, weeding and fertilizing we will ensure rich harvest.
Water is essential for the successful growth of vegetables. Some vegetables require more water than others so we have to adjust to their watering needs. The amount of water and frequency of watering should be adjusted to weather conditions and the actual needs of the plants. Water less frequently but thoroughly to prevent the roots to grow near surface. Watering should be done in the evening or in the early morning. For watering use watering cans or a garden hose with a suitable adapter. When watering, be careful not to water leaves to prevent fungus developing.
Plants need more watering after sowing and transplanting. At that time, water them often and do not allow soil to dry out.
Rain water is most suitable for watering. Tap water is not very useful because it is too cold and usually too hard. If we can not use rain water, then we must correctly prepare tap water. Fill large barrel or water tank with tap water and leave it until its temperature is same as temperature of air.
Weeds are common on every vegetable garden. They compete with vegetables for water, light and nutrients. In order to minimize amount of weeds, we must remove them regularly. We should remove whole weeds and be careful not to forget parts of roots or rhizomes as new weeds will develop from them. Weeds can be put on the compost but only if seeds are not developed yet. Seeds do not decompose and they can start growing when compost is used on garden beds.
Weeds can be removed by using hoes or by hand. Doing so we must be careful not to damage roots of vegetables. We can prevent weeds from growing by using black plastic foil. Put foil on vegetable beds, make holes in it and plant vegetables into holes. This is the best solution if we do not have enough time to take care of garden every day. Black foil will prevent light to get to weeds and they will slowly die.
Usage of herbicides is not recommended, as they can kill the vegetables. Herbicides can accumulate in vegetables and become part of our food.
Wide range of fertilizers is available to enrich the soil with mineral and organic substances that plants need for growth. The best fertilizer is the compost that we produce from organic waste at home. It keeps soil fertile and provides plants with necessary amounts of potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen.
We can also fertilize with different artificial fertilizers. In doing so we must be careful and follow the manufacturer's instructions, because with excessive fertilization we can slow growth or even destroy vegetables. Prior to the use of artificial fertilizers it is reasonable to make a chemical analysis of the soil to determine which elements are lacking.
We can also use other organic fertilizers such as well seasoned manure.