The basis for the garden design is a good plan with all relevant information. Final result of garden planning is garden plan that will be used to create the garden. Garden plan should be precise, transparent and comprehensible.
The plan for the garden can be drawn by expert. These are usually experienced landscape architects and gardeners who are familiar with the requirements of plants. Plans drawn by experts are much more thoughtful because of the experience and knowledge that experts possess.
We can draw garden plan by ourself, but in doing so we risk making some mistakes. A good solution is to draw a sketch of the garden and then turn to the expert to draw a detailed plan.
The basis for the plan is the plan of the land plot where the garden will be created. For start we need accurate data on the size of land. We can get data by measuring our plot or from a plan of our plot. In plan we draw boundaries of the plot and other parts that are out of our control (eg. house, yard, etc.) and any fixtures that are in the ground or above ground (plumbing, electric wires, sewer, gas pipe). By doing so, we mark parts where we will not be able to make any changes, or dig deep into the ground.
The scale of the plan should be at least 1:100. This means that one centimetre on paper is equivalent to one meter in nature. More transparent is plan at a scale of 1:50, on which is one centimetre equal to 50 centimetres in nature. Since the plan is a detailed document, we have to do all the measurements very carefully. This is especially important if changing an existing garden, which already has paths, flowerbeds and other elements that we will keep.
Measurements are carried out on the land with the help of a measuring tape 20 or 30 m long. We are measuring distance between two points. Compass can be good help when trying to get right direction.