Planning of fruit garden depends on the quantity of fruit trees that we want to plant. If you decide to have only a few fruit trees, then plant them individually in the garden, while considering design rules for ornamental garden. Fruit trees have exactly the same role as ornamental trees, with the difference that they are somewhat more intensively and otherwise pruned. The selection of the various species and varieties is large, so you can always choose those varieties which best suit the garden.
Fruit trees have a place in all garden types and styles of garden. The only exception is the forest garden, where growing conditions do not allow for the successful growth of fruit trees. It is important to respect all the rules of a particular garden style.
You can plant fruit trees together in one part of the garden where no other trees, shrubs or flowers have main role. Such planting is appropriate whenever we have a large number of fruit trees. In this case, trees and shrubs of same species are planted together in straight rows. If we plant a small number of trees, they can be planted among other plants.
For every tree you should plan enough space. At the design stage you should have detailed information about requirements of individual species. Together plant those species that have similar requirements regarding the care and habitats. You should prevent interference between trees as it will reduce quantity of fruit. Attention to requirements for pollination should be paid. Many varieties can inbred, but some need trees of the same variety or species nearby. Some species, such as kiwi, need to have a male and female plant together.
Different varieties of different fruits ripen at different times. If you have a garden with trees of the same variety they will all mature at the same time. It is useful to plant trees of different varieties of same species to have fruits over longer period and not all at the same time.
In small gardens available space is limiting factor. Consequently, choose varieties that are small or do not develop large and extensive crown. Trees and shrubs can be shaped into variety of forms that occupy less space, but allow the same extensive crop.
For the fruit garden is perfect sunny and sheltered location. Full solar lighting will ensure the quality and yield of aromatic fruits. Location on the southern slopes provides more early-maturing, but in the spring it encourages early flowering and consequently makes trees more vulnerable due to late spring frosts.
Fences and walls on the south side, which are fully exposed to sunshine, allow cultivation of certain species and varieties that require more warm environment.
Parts of the garden exposed to cold, are not suitable for fruit trees and shrubs. These are typically the lowest parts of the garden, such as depressions, ditches and the base of slope. There is also usually less sun. Shadow areas are generally not suitable because they make trees in spring to bloom later and in autumn fruits ripen later or they do not ripen at all. Windy positions are less suitable because the wind disturb the insects for pollination and causes damage to fruits. On windy locations wind screens can help to protect trees from wind.