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Nursing fruit trees

The main purpose of fruit trees is to provide us with as many fruits as possible. If we do not nurture fruit trees and they are left to themselves, yield will be smaller and quality will deteriorate. If you nurture trees all year round, in autumn you will be rewarded with a lot of beautiful and delicious fruits.

Nurture of fruit trees begins with pruning in late winter or early spring. Pruning is crucial for maintaining the appropriate form of the crown and to stimulate the production of fruits.

In early spring fertilize all young trees and trees that grow poorly and have poor yield with manure or compost. If you decide to use chemical fertilizers, which are not recommended in home garden, spread them on the ground under crown. If tree lacks certain elements (like potassium, magnesium, etc.),  use specific fertilizers and dose them strictly according to the manufacturer's instructions.

Around trees regularly mow grass. Mown grass can be removed, but it is more advisable to leave it to rot. This is especially important if trees suffer from a lack of potassium.

When fruits begin to develop, you should remove some fruits at some fruit species and varieties to protect branches from breaking due to excessive weight of forming fruits and to get bigger and tastier fruits. Dilution is necessary especially for pears, apples and plums. By regularly removing excessive amounts of fruits of some varieties you can provide greater yield next year. Number of dilutions depends on species of fruit tree. Usually fruits are removed twice in growing period. First remove fruits when they are beginning to form. At this time all damaged and sick fruits should be removed. Second dilution should be when fruits are already more developed. Remove individual fruits to make more space for those you will leave on tree. Dilute with scissors or by hand.

In dry and hot summer days regular early morning or late evening watering is necessary.

Branches of trees that are free to develop, will be loaded with fruits which can damage them. To prevent breaking, use some kind of support. Best are wooden sticks or forked branches. Use soft material on contact to prevent damaging the tree. If these branches are very large, you may install wooden pole along the trunk on which you tie branches to hold them in upper position.

You should regularly check supports and, if necessary, replace or repair damaged ones.

Spring frost can damage on fruit trees. Due to spring frosts tree's flowers or very young fruits can be destroyed. The best solution is to choose frost resistant varieties or varieties that bloom later in the spring. In frost is predicted, you can cover small trees and shrubs with veil.

At least once a week you should check all fruit tress for any pests or diseases. Repress them as soon as possible to avoid major damage.