Various garden ornaments are an integral element of the gardens since ancient times onwards. In ancient Rome the gardens of villas were decorated with various statues and amphorae. At the time of the Renaissance in Italy was this habit again massively revived. At first, they used statues and vases, and later other decorative elements which emulated nature. The biggest leap in the development of garden ornaments occurred during the Baroque period in France, when various new decorative items emerged. In the 19th century garden decorations were strongly influenced by the mass production of sculptures, pots made of cast iron and artificial stone.
Today we can find in the gardens different classical and modern garden ornaments made of different materials. Stone, artificial stone, terracotta, cast iron, wood and synthetic materials are most common. We use them to form a variety of statues, fountains, figurines, pots and more. You can also install a variety of interesting stones larger or smaller rocks and interesting shaped wooden formations that occur in nature.
Garden decorations play in the garden an important role, as are a points which attracts the eye. Each statue, amphora or other decorative element should have a clearly defined position to attract looks. This can be a point on the crossing of paths, point at the end of the path or the central part of the nook. Such a point of interest can in modern gardens create an illusion of larger garden.
Decorative objects must match with garden type and style. Especially in small gardens we sholuld keep to garden style to maintain harmony. Garden surroundings is also important. In urban environment statues in the ancient style are not welcome, unless it is a really large garden.
When you are setting a single decorative item in the garden, you should think carefully where and how to put it. Garden changes throughout the year and item should be properly integrated at any time of the year. Before a decorative item is put into place, we should observe that particular spot for light changes throughout the day from which parts of the garden is it visible, etc. In this way we will get an idea, if this spot is really suitable for our item and in which way should we design it to show the item in best manner.
The item may stand alone or together with several others. Statues are usually expressive enough to stand alone, the same goes for vases. Decorative jars and pots can be placed in groups and given appropriate surrounding with greenery. Decorative objects can be placed alone in the grass or in front of flowerbed with high perennials, ornamental grasses or shrubs.
Various decorative elements have different effects on the garden. They can be an attractive point, they can make illusion of larger or smaller garden, they relax, etc. It is essential that they are in harmony with plants in background.
Items of bright colors enliven darker parts of the garden. They bring light in dark corners. Dark objects are less visible, so try to plant around them vegetation in lighter colors and focus sunlight. Colorful objects bring liveliness in the garden and are suitable to be set in front of monochromatic green hedges.
Large statues, vases and amphoras soften strict straight lines, such as hedges or long straight paths. Small objects make smaller individual parts of the garden to enter into field of view. If they are placed along the path, visitors will be encouraged to take closer look.
Fountain, sundial or statue is usually in the center of formal garden. In this way, we can highlight center of any other garden. Pillars can bring small items into eye level.
Decorative pots have special role. They can be set independently and will become an attractive point. Planting them with colorful plants will make them even more attractive.