Stairs in the garden are used for overcoming differences in height. In the gardens on slopes is walking on the grass uncomfortable and in rainy weather even dangerous. Construction of the path on the slope can be more challenging garden will not be so beautiful. If the slope is steeper than 10 %, then stairs should be constructed.
Stairs can be made perpendicular to the slope when we have steeply terraced gardens. In other gardens is better to create stairways parallel to slope, flat as possible. At each change of direction can be made platform that allows us to rest. This yields a level way of climbing.
Dimensions of stairs may be different, but it is important to provide safe walking. Lower as steps are, deeper should be. Steps with 10 centimeters of height should be 42 centimeters deep and steps 16 centimeters high should be 30 centimeters deep. The inclination of each step should be 1 to 2 %, to allow water smoothly flow out. Stairs should be of a minimum width of 60 centimeters. If we want to plant vegetation on the left or right edge, then stairs should be at least 15 cm wider.
Stairs can be of different shape. Edge or fence will make stairs rigidly. Stairs can be edged with low perennials or other low vegetation which will make smooth transition. Very good effect with stairs can be achieved if they are surrounded by a wall on one side.
Stair can be build from different materials. Very suitable is stone and wood. Construction with concrete slabs, or stones is very simple. On the slope we create form of stairs and put sand. Sand should be compacted before we place stones or slabs. Wooden stairs are also easy to build, but need regular maintenance and they are slippery in moist weather. The most stable are stone stairs with foundations.