Pergola is important element in many gardens. With its appearance garden is enlivened and it can provide support for vines and climbers. Its origin is in Mediterranean area, where they still play an important role to protect from strong summer sun. Pergolas and covered shady walkways were an integral part of the renaissance gardens.
Pergolas are an integral part of the modern family garden. They can take a central role in the garden, as protection of garden table and chairs from the sun or only as an additional shadow space. Often they provide shadow over the yard.
Pergola is a support for climbing plants. At bottom of arbour we may plant a variety of climbers who will in a few years grew over the entire frame. If you choose a weak growing species such as roses and clematis, the arbour will allow in more light, as if we choose the lush growing species such as wisteria, grapes , kiwi, ivy and others. Fast growing species produce more stems and leaves and they are heavier. Therefore, we must create stronger frame. We do not plant plants that bloom for a long time such as wisteria as falling flowers will disturb us.
Pergola is usually built out of wood. We should use durable wood such as oak or chestnut and protect it thoroughly. Wood can be painted or lacquered. More beautiful are lacquered arbours as they are lighter than painted ones. Support pillars are the basis of construction and should not exceed height of 2 to 2,5 meters. Their thickness should be about 15 centimeters. Distance between them must not surpass 3 meters. Pillars should be attached to metal pedestals that are on concrete foundations. On supporting pillars are mounted wooden holders. This makes basic construction. Transverse boards are mounted on holders at a distance of 40 to 60 centimeters. Instead of wooden support pillars we may build brick pillars.
On the terraces or small gardens can be placed metal pergolas that have less solid construction. They take up less space, but still provide support for climbing plants, which will provide shade.