Garden paths and garden walkways have practical and aesthetic importance. They lead us through the garden and represent the connecting element between the different parts of the garden. In formal garden they are the most important element of shaping and forming symmetrical axis.
Paths can be straight or curved. Paths should never be artificially prolonged or created just to be there. They should always have a goal, a landmark in the garden to where we want to bring the visitor.
Garden paths should be comfortable for walking and not too complicated to maintain. In natural garden we can walk on the grass and paths can only be made by choice of different lawn or planting of the plants. Paths should be at least 0,6 meters wide, which allows a single man walking. If we want to be able to in pair, the path width should be 1,5 m. Garden paths on which we walk more often should be well fortified.
Paths can be created from different materials. In rural and forest gardens dominate paths strewn with bark or created from wood panels. If you use bark, make drainage layer, on which you put bark. Walking will be soft and comfortable and bark will release pleasant smell. Over time the bark will fall apart and should be replaced with a new one. Paths made of wooden boards or planks can be beautiful, but walking on them in wet weather can be dangerous. We can slip and fall on damp wood.
Sandy paths are the most common because they are cheap and easy to make. Walking along such routes is loud because the sand moves and rubs when walking on it. We can use sand of various sizes. For making the sandy path excavate 20 to 30 centimeters of soil. Prepare 20 to 25 centimeters high layer of well compacted coarse gravel. Top layer consists of 5 to 10 centimeters of sand on which we walk. Maintaining sandy path requires regular weeding and replacing top layer of sand every few years.
Paved paths are suitable for those who do not want to invest a lot of time in maintenance. Cleaning is easy but occasionally we need to remove weeds. Paving and plates are placed on 20 centimeters of coarse gravel and well compacted with 5 centimeters of finer sand. The market pavers and slabs of various shapes and sizes. Instead of the paving stones or concrete slabs can be laid stone slabs, but they are more expensive.