The main purpose of garden fences is to enclose garden. Fence clearly defines how far the garden stretches and prevents uninvited guests to enter it. Fence also protects against certain wild animals such as deer, which tend to get into the garden and do damage to shrubs, vegetables and flowers. This role is very important if garden ends in forest or meadow.
Low fence only indicate the boundaries of the garden, but does not prevent entry. High and solid fence or high and dense hedge can protect us from intruders. Such fences are also protection against noise and pollution from the street or road.
Fences are an element of design, not just an element of protection of property rights. With their image they make strong appearance so they should be designed in a consistent way with the garden. Fences may restrict or delimit different parts of the garden. In doing so, we should pay more attention to their appearance, rather than to ability to protect.
Before we decide on the shape and appearance of the fence, we should check what are the municipal regulations regarding garden fences. Some municipalities have very detailed regulations about fences. Also important is the appearance of the surrounding area.
Garden fencing can be made of wood, stone, metal, plastic materials or hedges. Most natural look have hedges and wooden fences. In urban areas masonry fences and metal or masonry fences combined with wood are very common. In rural areas hedges and wooden fences are common as they are more natural.
Metal fences can be wire mesh or forged fence. Wire mesh is a good protection for young hedges, but when they grow up, wire mesh should be removed. Metallic iron fences are permanent solution as they are more stable and can be used as a support for vines. You can buy individual ready-made parts that are welded or screwed together. They can be galvanized or painted. Painted fences should be every now and then sanded and re- painted. Forged iron fences can be works of art that brighten garden. Since their production is expensive, we usually use only wrought iron doors.
Masonry fences are durable and virtually maintenance-free. Since they are significant intervention in environment, they should be well thought out. Masonry fence may be built of brick, reinforced concrete or precast concrete elements.
There are fence made of plastic materials on the market, that are imitating in appearance and color wooden fence. Such fences should be avoided as they will distort image of the garden. They are usually unnaturally shiny and unpleasant to look at.
In addition to hedges, wooden fences have most natural look. With a wood fences can be made of different shapes and different looks. They can completely close the garden, or allow through openings views and airflow. The lifetime depends on the type of wood and impregnation. Wood can be left untreated and eventually will get gray, while its duration depends on the type of wood. Wood can be painted and need repainting every few years. The longest lifespan have fences that have been deep treated with wood preservatives. Wooden fence should not be in contact with the ground. Wood that is in contact with ground rotes quickly due to continuous moisture. Because of that, we put wooden fences on metal or concrete pedestals.